4:23 know that alkenes contain the functional group >C=C<

4:23 know that alkenes contain the functional group >C=C<

Alkenes are a homologous series of hydrocarbons which contain a carbon-carbon double bond. This double bond is shown in formulae as a double line.

The names of alkenes end with “ene”.

An example is ethene, the structural formula for which is CH₂ = CH₂

For a molecule with more than two carbon atoms, the position of the double bond within the molecule can vary as indicated by the name and the structural formula.

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Section 1: Principles of chemistry

      a) States of matter

      b) Atoms

      c) Atomic structure

     d) Relative formula masses and molar volumes of gases

     e) Chemical formulae and chemical equations

     f) Ionic compounds

     g) Covalent substances

     h) Metallic crystals

     i) Electrolysis

 Section 2: Chemistry of the elements

     a) The Periodic Table

     b) Group 1 elements: lithium, sodium and potassium

     c) Group 7 elements: chlorine, bromine and iodine

     d) Oxygen and oxides

     e) Hydrogen and water

     f) Reactivity series

     g) Tests for ions and gases

Section 3: Organic chemistry

     a) Introduction

     b) Alkanes

     c) Alkenes

     d) Ethanol

Section 4: Physical chemistry

     a) Acids, alkalis and salts

     b) Energetics

     c) Rates of reaction

     d) Equilibria

Section 5: Chemistry in industry

     a) Extraction and uses of metals

     b) Crude oil

     c) Synthetic polymers

     d) The industrial manufacture of chemicals