1:20 understand how to use electrical conductivity and the acid-base character of oxides to classify elements as metals or non-metals
- conduct electricity
- have oxides which are basic, reacting with acids to give a salt and water
Non – Metals
- do not conduct electricity (except for graphite)
- have oxides which are acidic or neutral
Writing the electron configuration of an atom allows you to work out the electron configuration of the ion and therefore the charge on the ion.
Atom = Mg
Electron configuration = 2,8,2
remove the two electrons from the outer shell to achieve the same electron configuration as the nearest noble gas, Neon (Ne 2,8)
Ion = Mg2+
2:12 describe the formation of carbon dioxide from the thermal decomposition of metal carbonates, including copper(II) carbonate
On heating metal carbonates thermal decompose into metal oxides and carbon dioxide.
Observation: green powder (CuCO3) changes to a black powder (CuO)
2:13 know that carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas and that increasing amounts in the atmosphere may contribute to climate change
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a greenhouse gas.
It absorbs infra-red radiation and therefore warms the atmosphere. This leads to global warming.
This may cause climate change.
2:29 understand how to use the pH scale, from 0–14, can be used to classify solutions as strongly acidic (0–3), weakly acidic (4–6), neutral (7), weakly alkaline (8–10) and strongly alkaline (11–14)
The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, and tells you how acidic or how alkaline a solution is.
2:30 describe the use of Universal Indicator to measure the approximate pH value of an aqueous solution
An indicator is a substance that has more than one colour form depending on the pH.
Universal indicator is a mixture of different dyes which change colour in a gradual way over a range of pH.
2:31 know that acids in aqueous solution are a source of hydrogen ions and alkalis in a aqueous solution are a source of hydroxide ions
An acid is source of hydrogen ions (H+).
An alkali is source of hydroxide ions (OH–).